June 29, 1930: "The range finder on Rocky Peak is being repaired and will be installed on Brushy Bald where a lookout camp is being constructed. (Curry County Reporter)
July 1930: "The State Forester is building a lookout house on Brushy Bald Mountain. Brushy Bald is on the headwaters of the south fork of the Lobster Creek watershed, all of Eucher Creek and lower Rogue River from Quonsatana Butte west. When this lookout is in operation it will be a valuable addition to the fire detection system of the Agness District. Material is being hauled to the top of Brushy Bald on a 'lizard' with the use of a mule." (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
August 17, 1933: "The Brushy Bald fire, which raged several days before being put under control burned about 1,500 acres of brush covered land. The fire was estimated to have a front of several miles and the land burned over was nearly all brush. However, only quick action in getting it under control prevented the burning of a valuable stand of Port Orford cedar. Backfiring was necessary to save the lookout station on Brushy Bald." (Curry County Reporter)
April 5, 1934 Panorama photos taken By: James Rittenhouse & Albert Arnst
December 13, 1935: "The Forest Service desires to use as a lookout point Lot 9, Section 14, T. 35 S., R. 14 West, W.M. This land is outside but near the boundary of the Siskiyou National Forest, and it is reported to be covered by a Homestead Entry now in course of cancellation. The site is to be used for the purpose of detection of forest fires within and near the boundaries of the National Forest. If your office is willing to approve this use, I shall be glad if you will reserve the land from other appropriation under the designation of Brushy Bald Lookout site. Use of the land by Forest Service will be subject to the existing claim." (Letter to the Commissioner of the General Land Office from the Acting Chief, Forest Service)
August 9, 1934: "Wilbur Ostrander took his crew of fire eaters out to the Brushy Bald district during damp weather a week ago and by hard and fast work succeeded in brushing out a right-of-way and stringing telephone wire from the Schlingman place at Cedar Fork to the Brushy Bald lookout station. The work had to be done in a hurry as the fire prevention crew could not be taken away from their regular posts except during the short time that wet weather eliminated fire hazards. Three days sufficed to get the line nearly completed." (Curry County Reporter)
September 16, 1937: "R.Z. Walker and Sidney Walker are out at Brushy Bald Mountain building a lookout station." (Curry County Reporter)
1938: The lookout on a 30-foot tower was completed.
May 11, 1942: "Not visited this trip. Assistant Warden Young, in Gold Beach, says a logger is building a road this summer part way up to Brushy Bald, so he is holding off winterizing the O.P. until late this summer in order to take advantage of the road." (Inspection Report from W.N. Parke, AWS Inspector, to James Frankland, USFS)
September 11, 1942: A report by W.N. Parke, AWS Inspector, stated that a 20x22 portable building, sealed and double walled, had been completed.
Siskiyou National Forest - 32S-10W-29
April 1916: "I might mention that the Supervisor has planned a little jaunt to the top of Mt. Butler for the stated purpose of sizing it up for a lookout, But I surmise that he believes I need the exercise. We will have to ford Elk River 'by hand' and if he says 'the waters fine' I'll beat down and cross the bridge. Ranger Curl, Port Orford Ranger District" (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
August 27, 1930: "Mr. Haefner has visited every lookout station in the Oregon section of the Siskiyou national forest. He reports that a new lookout station is to be built on Mt. Butler, which will survey the water-sheds of the Sixes river and Elk river. In order to build the lookout it was necessary to widen the mountain-top by blasting. The station is to be completed in the fall." (Grants Pass Daily Courier)
September 1930: "A trail to the top of Mt. Butler. a new lookout building, and a telephone line built to within 3 miles of Mt. Butler has been constructed this year. It is a job well done." (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
November 14, 1930: " 'As the crow flies' is never part of a mountaineer's directions to a stranger asking 'how to get there.' Instead, the mountaineer says, 'Follow that ridge thar by the crick....' Ranger A.W. Borigo and Dick Shoemaker proved that when they built a telephone line from Johnson mountain to Mt. Butler in the northwest portion of the Siskiyou national forest, according to Supervisor J.H. Billingslea Thursday. The line was completed this week, Mr. Billingslea reported. 'As the crow flies,' Johnson mountain is nine and a half miles from Mt. Butler, where a new lookout station was built this summer, Mr. Billingslea said. But, when the telephone line completed, Ranger Borigo and Mr. Shoemaker found that they had been forced to use 23 miles of wire, counting 'tie wires' and splices, for 19 1/2 miles of telephone line. 'That's how rough part of the forest country is,' Mr. Billingslea remarked." (Grants Pass Daily Courier)
July 1931: "Mt. Butler lookout is now ready for occupancy of a lookout. We accomplished everything we set out to do on this trip even though it was very wet and miserable one. Ask anyone who has ever been to Mt. Butler." (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
May 1940: "Past fire danger records show very clearly that this point has not been used until the middle or even later in July, and is not needed after the fall rains have started. The station is in a fog belt, as isclearly portrayed by the analysis of the records. On 41% of all days manned in July and August, 1937-1939 inc.m the fuel moisture has been 11% or higher, and on 26% of this period the fuels have been 13% or higher. Very probably the usefulness of this position for detection is hobbled during a large proportion of all days by fog." (Plans, Guard Placement, Siskiyou National Forest)
1941: The lookout station was staffed 65 days, reported to the Powers Ranger Station by way of West Coast Telephone.
Siskiyou National Forest - 39S-10W-36
1937: A 10-foot tower and lookout cab were constructed.
May 1940: "Position located in country which apparently does not get much use. Lightning is chief risk and the suggested season is based on this assumption." (Plans, Guard Placement, Siskiyou National Forest)
1941: The lookout station was staffed 84 days, reported to the Redwood station by radio.
Siskiyou National Forest - 41S-10W-7
July 1944 - Siskiyou National Forest (S.O.)
August 2007 - Ron Kemnow photo
May 1940: "Lightning risk only cause of fires in past years, and suggested dates made on that basis." (Plans, Guard Placement, Siskiyou National Forest)
1941: A 40-foot tower with a L-4 cab was constructed.
1941: The lookout station was staffed 84 days, reported to the Redwood station by way of radio communications.
October 12, 1962: The lookout was destroyed in the fierce winds of the Columbus Day storm.
Coos FPA - 39S-14W-13
April 7, 1933: "We stopped to see Demar Colegrove as I wished to talk to him about putting a lookout on that high point, but he had gone to Crescent City and would not be back for a day or two." (P.S. King Field Report)
April 4, 1934 Panorama photos taken By: James Rittenhouse
April 26, 1934: "Mr. Ostrander and Mr. McCarty went up and looked at the lookout on Mr. Colegrove's land and they were not very well pleased with it, as they made no tower but set the house tight on top of the mountain and the vision to the north is obstructed about fifty per cent. I met Mr. Mitchell in Gold Beach and told him I thought it advisable not to fall the timber, but to go up one of the big trees there and cut a couple of trees and make a triangular tower, using one standing tree. This would give them a clear vision of the entire country and unless they fall about three acres of timber the lookout would be of no value to the Forest Service. Mr. Colegrove does not wish the timber felled. Mr. Mitchell will look into the matter on his return." (P.S. KingField Report)
June 12, 1934: "Met Mr. McCarty and Mr. Ostrander and the next day we drove to the Colegrove Lookout. They have built a good standard lookout house and have felled the timber on the north side which gives it good visibility for the entire country. The telephone line is not in yet but Mr. Mitchell informed Mr. McCarty that he would have it in a few days. The telephone service from Brushy Bald is not very satisfactory and Mr. Ostrander is a little lax on inspection and I instructed him and Mr. McCarty to do over all operations in that district and see that they all comply with the law." (P.S. King Field Report)
June 14, 1934: "Several new lookout cabins have been erected in the county during the past year. One has been built on Colegrove Butte, near the Oregon Coast Highway, about 25 miles south of here. It is reported that Stanley Colegrove will be the first observer to occupy this post. The Colegrove station is said to be the closest of any in the state to a trunk line highway, being only a quarter of a mile back from the road between here and Brookings." (Curry County Reporter)
September 11, 1942: A report by W.N. Parke, AWS Inspector, stated that a 20x22 portable building, sealed and double walled, had been completed.
May 1940: "Provides detection for a considerable area of high hazard burns. Visibility area beyond 8 miles includes country adjacent to Agness R.S., a section noted for its fires." (Plans, Guard Placement, Siskiyou National Forest)
1941: The lookout station was staffed 100 days and reported to the Agness Ranger Station by radio.
GAME LAKE PEAK
Siskiyou National Forest - 36S-12W-27
February 11, 1914: "Game Lake. Area 8.88 acres. Request for withdrawal was submitted January 29, 1909 to the Secretary of the Interior, but no action was taken. It is now being used as a stop over station but being situated near the summit of Game Lake Peak, at an elevation of 4500 feet, it will have considerable value for a look out station when improved. It is planned to construct a store house and fence the area as soon as funds are available. It will then be used as a summer headquarters for patrol men. Water from the spring and lake will afford a sufficient supply for domestic use. No application has been made for the area under the Act of June 11, 1906." (L Stations, Siskiyou National Forest)
1934: A lookout was constructed.
May 1940: "Fire danger data indicates conditions in area served by this point to be nearly as severe as those at Agness." (Plans, Guard Placement, Siskiyou National Forest)
1941: The lookout was staffed 105 days and reported to the Agness Ranger Station by way of radio.
Coos County FPA - 32S-14W-32
1935: A lookout house was constructed on a 12-foot tower.
May 1940: "Station is in fog belt, and should only be necessary during the more severe fire danger days. Where it not for the above average rate of spread fuels the position might not be justified as a regular, Seen area within the forest is very restricted." (Plans, Guard Placement, Siskiyou National Forest)
1941: The lookout station was staffed 79 days and reported to the Gold Beach station through West Coast telephone Company.
May 4, 1942: "It is his (Mr. MacGougan) opinion that a telephone connection can be made from Grassy Knob Look Out to the Port Orford telephone line. This can be accomplished by making a toll station connection with a guarantee of $5.00 per month. A service connection fee of about $6.00 will be charged the first month." (Letter to Wm. Parks, USFS, from Secretary / Warden, Coos County FPA)
June 2, 1943: "Lauren S. Giebner, whose tower commands a vast stand of Douglas fir east of this seacoast village, said he heard an airplane motor early September 28, saw a flash through a fog haze, but was unable to see the plane. Two hours later he spotted a fire, which was controlled without difficulty. This was the second attack in September. On September 9 a tiny seaplane dropped two incendiary bombs near Brookings. The first attack was June 21, when shells were dropped, probably from a submarine's guns, near Fort Stevens, at the mouth of the Columbia river. Unlike the September 9 attack, witnessed by several persons in comparatively clear weather and spotted by air raid watchers almost as soon as the plane reached the coast line, the Port Orford raid was obscured by fog. Shortly after 5 A.M. He heard the sound of a motor, northeast of his tower on grassy knob. At 5:22 A.M. He saw a flash of fire and heard a single blast. He reported immediately to forest headquarters and kept a sharp watch for flames. At 7:55 A.M. He saw them, in the deep, heavily timbered dry creek canyon, about three miles from his tower. The scene is in one of the most rugged and inaccessible areas of the forest. Four fighters he dispatched to the blaze hiked for more than two hours over trailless mountains. En route they enlisted a crew of woodcutters from a camp near the lookout station." (The Oregonian – footnote 1)
Coos FPA - 37S-14W-4
1969 - Ron Kemnow Collection
2005 - Gordon Cottrell Photo
June 17, 1937: "One of the finest views to be had in Curry County is from the new lookout station built last fall on Grizzly Mountain, about five miles back from Gold Beach. from this lookout, which is on a ten foot tower, a wonderful vista of both sea and mountains is visible. Bear Basin Butte and red Mountain, each 52 miles south, Mule Mountains, Bolivar, and several other peaks to the north can be seen as well as Cape Blanco, Port Orford, St. George's Head, and many other points stand out on a clear day. The lookout will undoubtedly prove popular with hikers as an easy trail leads east from the county court house and follows through timber all the way to the immediate foot of the mountain, from which an easy grade is ascended to the top. On completion of the projected forest road it is probable that cars can be safely driven to the foot of the mountain. M.S. Brainard, of Gold Beach, has been assigned to the Grizzly station. He occupied it for a few days recently but was recalled when the last rain relieved fire danger." (Curry County Reporter)
November 1938: "In the Chetco District an unagreed cooperative arrangement between the Coast Guard lookouts and the Forest Service lookouts is working out nicely. As occasions arise the Coastguardsmen tell us about fires that they think might help us in checking the location, and quite recently the lookout at Grizzly Mountain had occasion to return the compliment and at the same time bring relief to some derelict fisherman.. Nearing sundown one recent evening, the lookout sent the P.A. a reading on a small boat adrift in a heavy sea. about five miles off shore. The P.A. reported the matter to the Coast Guard at Port Orford and an ultimate rescue of the broken down craft was effected. The Coastguardsmen reported that they had been searching for the craft about 30 miles north and had practically given up hope. Through the medium of the Grizzly lookout, life was probably saved as well as the boat. Soon after sundown a dense fog set in which would have completely blotted out the small craft and she would probably not have survived the tremendous sea that came up during the night. E.H. Marshall" (Six Twenty-Six)
February 1942: "The lookout house on Grizzly mountain, located about four miles east of Gold Beach within the Curry unit of the Coos County Fire Patrol Association, was scattered over the side of the mountain late in December by a very high wind storm. The building was held in place by four strong guy wires but unable to withstand the pressure. Emmett Freeman, who was stationed there while the lookout was being used as an air-raid warning point, had gone into Gold Beach prior to the storm because the communication equipment was out of order, when he returned he found the building gone, instruments and furniture scattered over the countryside, and his own personal belongings hanging on the bushes." (Forest Log)
1942: The lookout was replaced after a wind storm destroyed the station. The new lookout was a 12 x 12 ground cabin that cost $250.00.
September 11, 1942: A report by W.N. Parke, AWS Inspector, stated that the construction of a 10x12 sleeping quarters had been started.
June 3, 1943: "The Army would like to have Grizzly confine their messages on flights to the west to a distance of six miles since a volunteer post west of this post also covers the area westward out to sea. It is quite obvious that the post should not try to hew too close to the line, however, and consequently it should reach out a mile or so farther than six miles to be sure that the flights aren't within the assigned limit." (Letter to the State Forester from James Frankland, USFS, Engineering)
1952: A 14x14 Amort style lookout house was constructed. The lookout station reported to the Gold Beach office by way of West Coast Telephone and radio. The costs for the wood frame ground house were $810.00 for labor and $878.33 for materials. One mile of new road was constructed making it possible to drive to Grizzly Mtn lookout. (ODF Annual Report 1952)
Siskiyou National Forest - 33S-12W-33
Siskiyou National Forest - 38S-11W-23
May 1940: "Suggested season based on the assumption that this position is chiefly necessary for lightning risk." (Plans, Guard Placement, Siskiyou National Forest)
1941: The lookout station was staffed 84 days and reported to the Gold Beach station via radio.
1916: N.B. Moore was the fireman stationed at Long Ridge.
July 1930: "This district is I believe the only one in the forest that can boast of an automobile road to the very front door of a lookout house, we have just completed 4 miles of road up Long Ridge from Waldeen's to the lookout house at the head of the ridge, and can now drive up and unload directly from the car to the door of the house, when the house is built. This district drawed two new lookout cabins this year, one for Long Ridge and the other for Packsaddle, these cabins are simple, cheap and just as good as the more elaborate types used in the past." (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
August 1930: "The boys assigned to Packsaddle and Long Ridge next year will have no cause to complain of the cold nights and hot days, as the two new lookout houses at these places are about completed. Some nice looking outfits those, the Long Ridge man can motor to and from his work if he has a car." (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
1930: A new R1 type lookout cabin was constructed on Long Ridge. (A History of the Siskiyou National Forest - 1939)
May 1940: "Principally necessary for lightning. Probably can see area to SW where there have been a good many man-caused fires in the past." (Plans, Guard Placement, Siskiyou National Forest)
1941: The lookout station was staffed 94 days and reported to the Gold Beach station via West Coast Telephone Company.
October 12, 1962: The lookout structure was destroyed in the Columbus Day storm.
A new tower constructed at Quail Prairie took over the lookout duties.
Siskiyou National Forest - 37 1/2S-11W-31
1934: A lookout house was constructed.
Siskiyou National Forest - 40S-12W-8
no date - Curry County Historical Society
1963 - U.S. Forest Service Photo
February 1917: "The Brookings Company expects to cut timber here about July 1 they have agreed to put a lookout on this summer and I am trying to get an allotment to equip Mt. Emily so as to call their bluff without delay, if they cooperate it will be a long step in the right direction for the Service in this locality. Ranger Jones" (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
April 1917: "Material has been ordered for the construction of a telephone line to the top of Mt. Emily where the C & O Company will maintain a lookout." (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
June 1917: "Most of the month of June has been spent in maintenance work with a small amount of claims work on the side and the construction of the Mt. Emily telephone line, it was impossible to secure help for several days, finally Kramer and Hughes put in an appearance and the line was rushed to completion in a few days." (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
March 1919: "The J-iron mine instrument on Mt. Emily was struck and badly damaged and the line fuse and protector block demolished and about 300 feet of line burned up." (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
January 1922: "We failed to secure the material for the Mount Emily lookout building and so were unable to get the cutting done." (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
July 1922: "Arrangements have been made for the construction of Mt. Emily lookout and we have hope of completing it by the first of September." (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
September 1922: "We didn't get our Mt. Emily lookout constructed but we have made a good start and are getting along nicely at the present time. Packers have been hard to get and their prices are high. After considerable dickering we decided to pack it ourselves." (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
August 9, 1923: "Forest Ranger Wilke was in Brookings a few days ago attending business for his department. He states that the government has erected a new building at the look-out station on Mount Emily which is equipped with the latest charts, and other fire protection appliances." (Gold Beach Reporter)
1925: "The lookout was struck by lightning early in the year, tearing off two sides of the roof and shattering all the window glass." (A History of the Siskiyou National Forest - 1939)
May 1925: "The Mt. Emily Lookout has been struck by lightning and considerable damage was done. Two sides of the roof were torn off and all the windows were broken. This was the report brought in by a trapper." (Six Twenty-Six)
August 1925: "Mr. Bearse our Mt. Emily Lookout has been busy painting the new station on top of the mount inside and out and reports he is just about finished." (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
April 1928: "Received a new type Osborne fire finder for Mt. Emily. It is the #6 or Junior type and is certainly a little dandy." (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
July 19, 1928: "On last Friday a party consisting of Emma, Thelma, Vernon and Merle Hanscam, Edda Burke, Wesley and Floyd Kindel, Bernadine Van Pelt and Mrs. Gladys Kindel hiked to the top of Mt. Emily. At noon a wonderful dinner was cooked by the lookout man, Will Lane. It is safe to say that everyone enjoyed it after a five mile climb up the mountain. If anyone wants a real hike and a wonderful trip they should climb Mt. Emily." (Curry County Reporter)
May 1940: "Suggested dates are supported by past fire danger data." (Plans, Guard Placement, Siskiyou National Forest)
1941: The lookout station was staffed 100 days and reported to the Gold Beach station via West Coast Telephone Company.
September 15, 1942: "A foot-deep crater, apparently caused by an incendiary bomb, gave evidence today of what may have been the first aerial assault upon the United States home soil, an apparent attempt to set fire to an isolated forest on the southern Oregon coast. The Army's western defense command, in a carefully worded communique, disclosed that an unidentified, small airplane of a type that might have been carried on a submarine was seen coming inland just before dawn September 9, and was heard roaring out to sea about an hour later. Some time after the plane was seen circling the Mount Emily area nine miles northeast of Brookings, Ore., a fire was observed, and forestry patrols who extinguished the blaze found a crater and metal fragments which the army said bore 'markings of Japanese ideographs which may have been part of a code indicating the arsenal where the bomb was manufactured.' Several hours after the appearance and disappearance of the seaplane was reported, an army patrol plane sighted and bombed a submarine 30 miles off the Oregon coast with unobserved results.' The army communique noted: 'It is possible a plane of this type might have been carried on a submarine.' Lieut. T.J. Runyon, area supervisor of the air raid warning system, said the plane was spotted on the filter center control board within seconds of its appearance over the coast, and observed: 'It was an excellent test, and the system proved fully effective.' Forestry patrols reported the incendiary bomb left a crater about three feet in diameter and a foot deep. Japanese submarines shelled an oil well area in southern California February 23, causing slight damage, and a beach near Seaside, Ore., June 22, but it was first evidence of an actual air bombing of the continental United States. Howard 'Razz' Gardiner, forest service lookout, observed the plane and saw the fire break out from his post on Mount Emily, nine miles from Brookings, Ore. Looking into the darkness at 6 a.m.. September 9, when he heard the sound of a single motor, Gardiner saw a circling plane overhead - saw it so closely he identified it as a small seaplane. Shortly afterwords he saw flames break through the tree roof below - in the same general area where a disastrous fire in the middle thirties destroyed a great forest and most of the coastal city of Bandon. Gardiner sounded the alarm on the forest telephone, gathering some equipment and plunging through the forest by a short cut to battle the flames single-handed. He succeeded so well he had them under control by the time the forest fire suppression crew arrived - a four and a half hour battle through brush and over rugged terrain from their station." (Herald and News)
September 25, 1942: "The Siskiyou National Forest Service and two of its lookout men, stationed on Mount Emily and another nearby point, were commended this week by Brig.-Gen. Barney M. Giles, commanding general of the Fourth Air Force at San Francisco, for their 'material assistance' in supplying information from their observation posts concerning an unidentified plane seen near Brookings the morning of September 9. Later the same day a forest fire was started by an incendiary bomb of apparent Japanese origin, and a patrol plane attacked a submarine 30 miles off the Oregon coast. 'The vigilance of these two observers (Howard Gardiner and Ed Conley) is highly commendable. The information they furnished the IV Fighter Command was of great value in the investigation of this incident,' the general wrote." (Herald and News)
1948: A 20-foot creosoted timber tower and cab was constructed to replace the old cupola building.
Siskiyou National Forest - 41S-11W-5
c.1909 - Siskiyou National Forest (S.O.)
no date - Siskiyou National Forest (S.O.)
no date - Siskiyou National Forest (S.O.)
July 1915 - Siskiyou National Forest (S.O.)
1944 - Siskiyou National Forest (S.O.)
August 1914: "Louis Yarbrough failed to come on as lookout and after much scouting around I finally secured Ralph Keizer whom is at present located on the extreme top of Pack Saddle and keeps a good lookout from daylight to dark, we had considerable difficulty with the telephone and could not get it to ring and finally had to put in the new ringer coils, it was quite a job to connect them, we used some lead and a short piece of copper wire a spoon and a paper funnel, and done a good job as long as it lasted and the bell would ring fine and we went to sleep confident that we had it in good shape but the next morning there was nothing doing so far as the telephone was concerned so I have had to send for another set of ringer coils. W.J. Jones, District Ranger" (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
October 1914: "Sept. 14 came in with a light rain and the 15th with a fair shower and the night of the 15th with a gale and shower that is seldom equaled, the morning of the 16th at 4 a.m. our fly carried away at the Pack Saddle lookout and for a time it looked as we would be carried away also, one side of the tent carried away twice before daylight and we were drenched to the hide and then some, as soon as daylight came we secured the horses and beat it for the West-Moore R.S. Barely getting across the river before it was above fording, breakfast and dry clothes tasted very good, the wind storm surely played havoc with the telephone lines along the coast but the Pack Saddle and Snow Camp lines being #9 wire stood the test okay." (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
1914: "Ranger W.J. Jones rode 28 hours from Packsaddle Lookout to a fire near McKinley Mines, with only a stop to eat and rest a few minutes along the way. Typical of Jones, he stated that 'the saddle was tires' when he arrived." (A History of the Siskiyou National Forest - 1939)
May 1915: "I expect to build a lookout house at Pack Saddle lookout station during June with Guard labor and if things go well I will start the Snow Camp Lookout house, the lookout points are always windy, bleak and miserable and I believe that the cabins should be made as comfortable as possible. Ranger Jones" (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
June 1915: "We have been engaged for several days in getting out material for the Pack Saddle cabin and getting it on the ground and we hope in a few more days to have the house completed. Ranger Jones" (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
August 1915: "Costs etc on Pack Saddle lookout cabin: Cost of materials $31.80 Cost of packing 18.00 Labor 164.28 Total $214.o8
Dimensions - 11'6" with 8 foot walls, requiring: 4 pieces 6"x*'x11'6" sills 8 pieces 4'x4'x10'10" above and below windows 4 pieces 4"x$'X11'6" top plates 3 pieces 6"x6"x11'6" floor joists 7 pair pole rafters 5" diameter by 11"7" 220 linear feet 1"x6" sheeting 1200 shakes 130 feet split flooring Gravel and sand was packed from Bear Creek, 5 miles. Shakes, sheeting and flooring was packed about 3/4 mile up the hill and most of the poles for sills etc were snaked about 600 yards, considerable experience has been gained and similar cabins under similar conditions can be built for about $170.00. Guard Keiser has laid a very good floor out of material at hand, I have seen floors of sawn lumber that looked worse. The lookout man can now take some comfort at night and does not have to sleep hanging out onto a tent rope and he can see everything in all directions without standing out in the gale, there is nothing to mar vision but a post in each corner, the stove pipe is arranged so as to be in line with one of the posts." (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
September 1915: "The rim lock sent out for the Pack Saddle cabin will not respond to any of the service keys in my possession so I am obliged to return it as I want all locks operated by the same key. Ranger Jones" (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
1915: "Improvement work consisted of constructing a lookout house on Packsaddle Mountain, a shake type with ceiled interior, which cost $31.80 for material, $18.00 for packing, and $164.28 for labor, a total of $214.08." (A History of the Siskiyou National Forest - 1939)
June 1917: "Guard Gruver and myself made an up to date fire finder by using a soft pine board with cardboard tacked over it, then a protractor pasted on top and a hole bored into the board and a 38 caliber cartridge set into the hole with the rim filed down so that one of the F.S. standard compasses will set over the cartridge with the bottom of the compass resting lightly on the protractor so it will revolve freely, then a short piece of stiff paper was put under the sight and operates as a pointer, this will be used at the Pack Saddle lookout and the one that is there will be used transferred to Mt. Emily where there us no shelter. Ranger Jones" (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
1917: "Ranger W.J. Jones and former Ranger Costellos and wife had a narrow escape on Packsaddle Lookout. The men fought the fire outside, and Mrs. Costellos fought it inside. Sparks blowing through the shakes set fire to their beds several times. They had a hard time saving their horses, which were badly singed. This was in October." (A History of the Siskiyou National Forest - 1939)
June 1919: "The Pack Saddle Lookout cabin was relieved of its door and part of its roof during the winter and it will require considerable fixing up before being habitable again." (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
August 1925: "Lewis Kamberg Lookout on Packsaddle Mountain says he wakes up every morning away above the clouds, the fog being so thick that he feels the influence of the great void, which he says sets him to thinking of the uncertainty of a future existence." (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
July 1926: "And speaking of protection, the Chetco District illustrates it pretty well. Packsaddle has an old makeshift cabin just big enough for the lookout man's bed and table and supplies. His stove and part of his equipment are outside and the fire finder on the roof sheltered by a canvas. The tent which the lookout had been using proved inadequate to stand against the 65-mile breeze that blew a few days before my visit. There is a standard D-6 building on Mt. Emily with complete lightning protection. Snow Camp has a D-5 type of building." (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
July 1929: "Our one piece of bad luck came in the form of appendicitis. Milton Foster our Packsaddle Lookout-Fireman came out to the doctor on the 1st of August. We are sorry to loose Milt for he was a good head and his place will be hard to fill." (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
July 1930: "Snakes? Lots of them. The boys are turning in the accounts of their killings but King has the distinction of killing one of his big ones under the stove in the packsaddle Lookout. P.N. Stephenson" (Six Twenty-Six)
July 1930: "This district drawed two new lookout cabins this year, one for Packsaddle, these cabins are simple, cheap and just as good as the more elaborate types used in the past." (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
August 1930: "The boys assigned to Packsaddle next year will have no cause to complain of the cold nights and hot days, as the new lookout house at this site is about completed." (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
1930: A new R1 type lookout cabin was constructed on Packsaddle Mountain. (A History of the Siskiyou National Forest - 1939)
July/August 1933: "While writing these notes, I was interrupted by a phone call from Paul Weller, the lookout on Packsaddle Mountain. He wanted to tell me that he had just fished a 30" rattlesnake out from under his lookout house and performed a successful death ceremony over him. Paul wanted to know if I wouldn't send a gallon of 'Rattlesnake remedy' right up as a preventative in case he might get bitten later. I reminded him of what the first aid man told at Fire School, and suggested that he cook him up and can him for the coming winter. (I have noticed in the Portland paper that canned rattlesnake can now be bought on the market.)" (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
May 1940: "Serves the higher country. Principally a lightning position in inaccessible country. Probably has indirect visibility down Winchuck River where several man-caused fires have occurred in the past." (Plans, Guard Placement, Siskiyou National Forestry)
1941: The lookout was staffed 84 days and reported to the Gold Beach station via West Coast Telephone Company.
Siskiyou National Forest - 34S-14W-4
July 1914: "Forest Guard Spoerl will be camped at Panther Mountain this season and will spend the time when the fire hazard is not great, making more improvements to the trail." (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
May 1940: "Considered to be similar to Grassy Knob for length of season. Probably in fog belt." (Plans, Guard Placement, Siskiyou National Forest)
1941: The lookout was staffed for 60 days and reported to the Powers Ranger Station by way of West Coast Telephone Company.
July 1920: "Have also made a start on my Pebble Hill Trail. have a good grade, nothing over fifteen percent, and brush and dirt are moving at a good clip under the capable hands of Walter Fry and crew." (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
1920: Used as a patrolman station, C.E. Criteser, patrolman.
Siskiyou National Forest - 37S-13W-18
1934: A lookout was constructed.
August 1, 1935: "Lightning played a peculiar prank at the Pyramid Rock lookout station in the Siskiyou National Forest, one evening recently. Communications with this remote lookout is by means of a short wave radio. A bolt came in from the antenna, the lead-in of which passed between two studdings separating the east windows. It shattered both of the uprights and cracked the glass but miraculously missed the ranger, M. Stenerson, and his mongrel puppy mascot." (Curry County Reporter)
August 29, 1935: "Charles Hogue has been stationed as lookout at Pyramid Rock, about ten miles due east of here, relieving Martin Stenerson, who has accepted a position with the Indian Service in Washington." (Curry County Reporter)
May 1940: "Position should be available during lightning season, and has potential value value for suppression on account of being located on a road. Position was not manned until July 6 in 1939, but was maintained until September 30. Suggested dates will permit shift in period manned to meet variations in weather conditions." (Plans, Guard Placement, Siskiyou National Forest)
1941: The lookout was staffed 94 days and reported to the Gold Beach station by way of West Coast Telephone Company.
QUAIL PRAIRIE MTN
Siskiyou National Forest - 38S-11W-30
1984 - La Vaughn Kemnow photo
September 2008 - Ron Kemnow photo
1963: The 41-foot sawn timber tower with an R-6 flat roof cab was constructed. This site replaced the lookout that was formerly located on Long Ridge.
Siskiyou National Forest
July 1916: "Mr. J.O. Mock assumed the duties of lookout on Ranger Peak July 17 and has reported 4 fires to date, all of which were outside the Forest. I had planned on pitching the lookouts tent on the extreme top of Ranger Peak, but this plan had to be given up for the present on account of the extremely high winds which appear to want to blow the top off the peak nearly every day, so his tent was moved down to the spring about 200 yards from the summit where shelter is had from the wind. Owing to the high winds, the lookout was unable to hear either Ranger Helm or myself, and he had to build a stone wall around the instrument to partially protect it from the wind. It is believed that this lookout station will prove of sufficient importance to merit the expense of putting up a good substantial cabin for the lookout man next year." (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
May 1918: "If present plans mature, Miss Hilda Muender, formerly a 'School-marm' of Agness, and recommended by Mr. Helm, will preside over Ranger Peak Lookout Station this season." (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
September 1918: "The lookout station at Ranger Peak was practically of no use during the first half of the month on account of smoke, therefore making intensive patrol necessary in the most dangerous localities. Miss Hilda Muender had to give up her job on September 10 and take up her duties as 'School-marm' at Agness while her brother Carl held down the lookout the balance of the month when he had to return to Oregon City to again enter high school. The Muenders were entirely satisfactory and it is hoped that Miss Hilda will be in a position to accept the job again next year, but then Dan Cupid may get busy and cheat me out of a perfectly capable lady lookout." (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
June 1919: "Mr. J.B. Nichols of Gold Beach has accepted the job of lookout on Ranger Peak at $90.00 a month and though a new man, I am quite sure that he will give the service that is expected. Mr. Nichols is a man of family and formerly lived in Central Oregon near Bend." (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
Coos FPA - 34S-14W-3
no date - Siskiyou National Forest (S.O.) (Gene White, lookout)
July 1919: "Deputy State Fire Warden E.L. White and myself have established a co-operative lookout on Rocky Peak which promises to be worthy of further improvement. 3 miles of emergency wire connects with the Middle Elk line at Bakers Ranch which gives direct communication with McGribble Ranger Station and Port Orford. The line was broken the first night after completion, probably by a big buck getting tangled up in it but it has given no further trouble and certainly 'talks' fine." (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
June 26, 1930: "The range finder on Rocky Peak is being repaired and will be installed on Brushy Bald where a lookout camp is being constructed. A new range finder is being installed at Rocky Peak. Trails are being built and five miles of telephone wire is being installed at Rocky Peak." (Curry County Reporter)
1933: A lookout house was constructed.
April 6, 1934 Panorama photos taken By: James Rittenhouse & Albert Arnst
October 11, 1934: "Mr. Ostrander and I went up to Rocky Peak Lookout and looked over the trail which he purposes to build. I instructed him as soon as weather conditions would permit to start on the trail and build it through to the end of the road in the south end. This will be rather hard country to construct a telephone line through as about two-thirds of the way would have to be a pole line and I think most of them would have to be tripods as the country is so rocky it would be impossible to set a pole." (P.S. King Field Report)
1936: This lookout reported to the Grizzly Mountain lookout by radio.
1937: The Forest Service constructed a new lookout house in the later part of the year.
July 1938: "The adequacy of our present lightning protection system for lookout houses was brought to light this spring when we made our first trip to the Rocky Peak LO. Late last fall we built a new lookout house on the mountain and equipped it with standard lightning protection. The old lookout house has been inherited from the State protective organization and did not have lightning protection. It was not torn down due to the late season. This spring we found it had been struck by lightning and all of the windows were blown out and the sides shattered. The new lookout house standing along side of it was untouched. E.H. Marshall" (Six Twenty-Six)
SNOW CAMP MTN
Siskiyou National Forest - 37S-12W-29
no date - Siskiyou National Forest (S.O.)
no date - Siskiyou National Forest (S.O.)
1984 - La Vaughn Kemnow photo
September 2008 - Ron Kemnow photo
February 9, 1914: "Snow Camp. Area, 43.00 acres. This station was recommended June 4, 1910. The area is in constant use throughout the summer months as a lookout station, for which purpose it is the valuable site in the ranger district. The improvements consist of a house valued at $59.65, and about 25 acres under fence valued at $93.40. The total value of both improvements is $153,08. Water has not been appropriated because it is not needed, a large portion of the area being swampy ground. No hay is cut, but sufficient grass is grown for the use of the patrolmen's horses. The area has never been applied for under the Act of June 11, 1906." (L Stations, Siskiyou National Forest)
February 1914: "I expect to receive the wire for the Snow Camp line soon and get it boated up the river while there is ample water as far as the foot of Long Ridge then when the river gets fordable at the Tolman place I can pack and distribute the wire and be ready for construction as soon as I can in the spring." (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
June 1, 1914: "Frantz brothers #367 and #368 June 11 reports due in June are delayed on account of Mr. Jones endeavors to get the telephone line to Snow Camp lookout completed as well as his frequent trips to Portland." (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
December 1914: "I would like to have some data on the cost of constructing the Mt. Bolivar lookout cabin and the material used, how far transported and whether delivered by man or pack horse, is the canvass strong enough to stand the winds and keep the cabin warm enough that the lookout will be fairly comfortable, I have a difficult and expensive one to build at Snow Camp and would be pleased to hear how some of the others have constructed or plan to construct such cabins." (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
May 1915: "If things go well I will start the Snow Camp Lookout house, the lookout points are always windy, bleak and miserable and I believe that the cabins should be made as comfortable as possible. Ranger Jones" (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
May 1915: "Mr. J.G. Giddings will be Mayor of Snow Camp this summer and is expected here daily. If the human element of fire setting makes anything off Giddings this summer they will be entitled to keep the change." (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
August 1915: "A.H. Kramer, lookout man and weather doctor at Snow Camp is a mighty busy man, there is more work to the weather business than one would think, but, Gus is making good and has secured a very complimentary letter from the Weather Bureau on the neatness and accuracy of the reports, Gus got so enthusiastic that he whirled the wet bulb off the Psychrometer!!!" (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
June 1916: "I have learned that a tree has fell across the Snow Camp house and it will need repairs this spring so I expect to go out and repair it and the snow fence and telephone line." (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
August 23, 1916: "A large forest fire has been reported on Reuben mountain, in Douglas county. The fire was sighted by the lookout at Snow Camp, which is nearly fifty miles from the mountain. By a device in use in the local forester's office, whenever two or more reports are turned in the exact location can be found in a few minutes." (Rogue River Courier - LoC)
July 1917: "Kramer and Hughes at Snow Camp have constructed a small cabin on the west side of the hump to install the weather instruments and protect them from the weather, they excavated for the structure so that it will be proof against blowing away, they have also built a necessary observatory down at the cabin and have cleaned up the premises till it looks real tidy and Snow Camp will look like the home of a real man instead of wild man as heretofore." (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
February 1918: "Acknowledgment must be made to the ladies for the very efficient help they gave during the past fire season. If the war continues very long we may be compelled to employ them for all our lookouts, and would probably find it to our advantage to do so if they gave as good service as Miss Price, lookout on Snow Camp Mountain during the past fire season. (Six Twenty-Six)
October 1918: "During the month we went to Snow Camp and packed in the weather instruments which are to be sent to Portland for an overhauling during the winter and returned in the spring." (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
July 1919: "As usual we have had a lot of trouble in getting the weather instruments for Snow Camp, a part of the outfit was sent in last fall for repairs and when it returned it was a little of this and a little of that and so much of both that nothing fit so the instruments have been useless up to date." (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
1920: A telephone line from Agness to Snow Camp was started.
July 5, 1921: "Four fire finders have been received by the local forestry office for distribution to the various lookout stations in the county. By the use of these instruments the lookouts will be able to definitely place the fire before phoning in his information to the office. Snow Mountain received one of them." (Grants Pass Daily Courier)
September 17, 1923: "On Friday the wind reached an 80 mile velocity at Snow Camp and the lookouts had a hard time holding their mountain top." (Grants Pass Daily Courier)
August 7, 1924: "A.A. Wilke, forest ranger, is taking a supply pack train of goods out to the fire lookout posts as far out as Snow Camp. With him is Lou Higgins. Fred Gardiner and Herbert Payne have gone out to Snow Camp to whip-saw out about 4000 feet of lumber for a house for the lookout there. The timber has to be carried up the mountain after it is sawed. They say it has enough elevation there to find frost nearly every morning, but real hot during the day. Mrs. Herbert Payne has accompanied her husband for a vacation of a month." (Curry County Reporter)
September 25, 1924: "Fred Gardner and Herbert Payne finished sawing the timber for the house to be built on Snow Camp for the Rangers." (Curry County Reporter)
June 25, 1925: "A lookout is being being built by R.O. Park, the new forest ranger, at Snow Camp. The wind is so strong there it is necessary to use iron straps to hold the building down. Fred Gardner is doing the work of putting up the new structure." (Curry County Reporter)
July 6, 1925: "Will Lake, forest ranger at Snow Camp, says he is better than forty dead men yet. He returned Monday to the ranger station two weeks after he was carried home on a stretcher in an almost dying condition." (Curry County Reporter)
July 30, 1925: "Will Lake came down from his lookout station on Snow Camp. He was not feeling well and called on the doctor." (Curry County Reporter)
September 1925: "William Lake, Snow Camp Lookout, who furnishes the daily weather record, was taken ill the other day and was obliged to go to the hospital at Brookings. He is suffering from abdominal trouble and the doctor states he will be laid up for the summer. His place is filled by H.G. Yontz, Snow Camp Fireman. Yontz is an old time logger and is reputed to be a first-class fire fighter." (Six Twenty-Six)
October 1925: "Mr. Lake, our weather man, has a rather complicated instrument, know as an anemometer, which registers wind velocity. It has a double dial, and is operated in part by wind, electricity, and a clock. He keeps a record of hourly reading day and night throughout the season. The maximum wind velocity for the last season occurred in August when it blew 95 miles. Mr. Lake, who is not a heavyweight, says he locks himself in when he gets a blow of this kind." (Six Twenty-Six)
May 1926: "The District Ranger made a trip to Snow Camp Lookout the first of the month, and the lookout house had been broken into. The guilty parties evidently were hungry as they helped themselves to six weeks provisions left at the lookout station by Mr. Lake last season. They also took two axes, a twelve man mess kit, and two knap sacks. Keep your eyes open boys, these tools all branded U.S.F.S." (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
July 1926: "Snow Camp Lookout has fleas up there that can jump 25 miles. He discovered this by placing a flea on the fire finder and then counting the sections of land that it 'cleared' in one jump." (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
May 1929: "Snow Camp Lookout was placed on the 16th for a few days but has been working trail lately as weather changes for better." (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
July 1929: "Snow Camp lookout station was unoccupied when I arrived there was a note signed by Allen Lawrence said he was working trail and would return at three o'clock. Fog and high humidity made this work possible. A.G. Jackson, Assistant Forester." (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
May 1940: "Fire danger data indicates that this position should be the first lookout manned. In past years it has been manned in May, but the date of June 1 appears more reasonable for average conditions." (Plans, Guard Placement, Siskiyou National Forest)
1941: The lookout was staffed for 120 days and reported to the Gold Beach station by way of West Coast telephone Company.
1958: A flat roofed R-6 lookout house was constructed.
August 14, 2002: "The historic Snow Camp lookout Monday became one of the first structures in Curry County to be consumed by the newly renamed Biscuit Fire. Fire Fighters had tried unsuccessfully to save the lookout by clearing around it and wrapping it in fireproof material." (Curry County Pilot)
Coos FPA - 31S-13W-34
April 1926: "J.A. Walsh. The wide awake District Warden of the Coos County Fire Patrol Association, is having a new lookout cabin built on Sugar Loaf Mountain, at a cost of about two hundred dollars. It is of the standard lookout house type, with cupola and everything, made of split cedar boards and hewed frame work. Several men figured around five hundred dollars, then an old woodsman came along and contracted the construction for one hundred seventy-five, and will make money at that as he will do the job in about a month. Ranger Jones" (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
Siskiyou National Forest - 37S-13W-24
1944 - Siskiyou National Forest (S.O.)
1934: A 10x10 L-5 lookout cabin was constructed.
1941: The lookout was staffed for 84 days and reported to the Gold Beach station via West Coast Telephone Company.
Siskiyou National Forest - 39S-11W-16
1944 - Siskiyou National Forest (S.O.)
May 1940: "Position looks over country to the west where numerous man-caused fires have occurred. The suggested dates are set up on the premise that the seen area beyond 8 miles should be available early in the season before some of the other lookouts are manned, otherwise similar dates with Johnson Bu would have been set up." (Plans, Guard Placement, Siskiyou National Forest." (Plans, Guard Placement, Siskiyou National Forest).
1941: A 14x14 L-4 ground cabin was constructed.
1941: The lookout was staffed 100 days and reported to the Gold Beach Station by radio.
Siskiyou National Forest - 36S-12W-7
1944 - Siskiyou National Forest (S.O.)
1984 - La Vaughn Kemnow photo
May 2008 - Ron Kemnow photo
1929: A fireman's cabin was constructed.
May 22, 1931: "In an effort to combat fire hazards more successfully, authorization has been given to build a lookout post at this point." (Medford Mail Tribune)
September 1931: "We have our Wildhorse Lookout house packed out, and the log foundation down, lined up north and south. The logs are up to a point where we can start building our house. The log section at the base is about nine feet high, and will raise the fire finder high enough to command a view of the lower Rogue River country from Bill Moore Creek west. The lookout house will show up plainly from Rogue River, and will be seen by the tourists as they come up Rogue River to Agness." (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
1931: An R1 type lookout cabin was constructed on the tower at Wildhorse. (A History of the Siskiyou National Forest- 1939)
May 1932: "While pruning an apple tree the other day Moritz Fritzsche fell catching by the foot in the crotch of an apple tree. He hung head down for quite a time. He saved himself by swinging back and forth until he could reach a limb and pull himself to an upright position. His leg was badly wrenched causing him considerable suffering. Moritz Fritzsche was lookout patrolman several years at Wildhorse. He is seventy years of age." (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
December 1933: "This summer the lookout-fireman at Wildhorse found an old briar pipe carved in the shape of a bulldog's head. In 1908 and 1909 a man tried to homestead Wildhorse Prairie. He smoked such a pipe with an amber stem. Although the amber stem is gone, there is little doubt but that the pipe is the same one. The homesteader left in the fall of 1909 so the pipe has been lost for at least 24 years. The bowl of the pipe is checked, all the varnish or other finish is gone, but the wood shows no sign of decay. Part of the original cake is still in the bowl. I plan on refurbishing the pipe, and putting in a new stem -- Man, what a smoke that should be. Ranger Vondis Miller, Agness District" (The Siskiyou Bulletin)
May 1940: "Good point to pick up potential fires along Rogue River valley, and towards Lake O'Woods which is unable to see all of same. Fuel moistures tend to run a little damper in this section of the district." (Plans, Guard Placement, Siskiyou National Forest)
1941: The lookout was manned 95 days and reported to the Agness Ranger Station via forest service line to West Coast Telephone Company.
1942: An AWS cabin was constructed.
1947: A 40-foot sawn timber tower with an L-4, 14x14 hip-roofed series 1936 cab and catwalk were constructed.
1990: Vandalism, including a fire set inside the lookout's cab, windows and the door were also broken. Repairs were made in a timely manner, restoring the structure to sound usable condition.
2008: During the winter of 2007-08 a heavy snow load caused the cab to collapse. The Sand Mountain Society began the restoration process during the summer.