1967: The lookout was disposed of by burning and remains thrown into the toilet pit.
August 4, 1912: "Since May 1 the association has constructed about 40 miles of telephone lines and many miles of trails connecting lookout stations with the local lines and roads." One of three lookout stations: Bald Peter, north of Foster. (Morning Oregonian - see footnote 1)
A patrol station used by the Green Peter fire patrolman.
BIG ROCK (Green Mountain)
Linn County Fire Patrol - 15S-3E-9
1984 - Oregon Department of Forestry Collection
1916: An Alidade was established.
1950: "Carpenter Knight was employed during the early part of the season on drawing up plans for the construction of Big Rock LO. On the 20th of July, Knight and a crew of three men from the organization were moved to Big Rock LO site in Section 9, T15S R3E, where they constructed the lookout, completing it on August 22." Big Rock LO - 14 x 14 USFS type on an enclosed 9 foot tower, cost $2915.00. (Linn District Annual Report)
August 24, 1950: "A modern new lookout, which will be manned for the first time next year, was completed Tuesday by members of the Linn County Fire Patrol crew. Called Big Rock, the structure is located 32 miles southeast of Sweet Home. It is designed to give forest fire protection to the Upper Wiley creek area and the Upper Calapooya basin--approximately 50,000 acres or two and a half townships. It is believed that Mt. Shasta in Northern California will be visible from Big Rock on clear days. According to District Warden Mel Crawford, Big Rock Lookout differs from other fire patrol lookouts in that it is a combination lookout-garage. Crawford says the structure is a standard 14x14 United States Forest Service lookout mounted nine feet off the ground with the under story to be utilized as a garage and tool room. Completion of the new lookout brings the total number of Fire Patrol lookouts to nine, including Swamp and Green Mountain lookouts, which are operated jointly with Santiam Lumber Company. Other Fire Patrol lookouts are Green Peter, Scott Mountain, Snow Peak, High Deck, Yellowstone and Monument Peak. The Big Rock building was constructed for a maximum view. Windows have been installed completely around the building, as has an outside observation catwalk. The lookout is to have modern fire finding equipment and all necessary furniture and cooking equipment. Numerous built-ins have been installed for storing foodstuffs and personal belongings. Big Rock is not to be manned this year, since timber in the immediate area must be felled to give maximum visibility. District Warden Crawford says the lookout will be manned beginning next fire season approximately June 15. The new fire patrol lookout was constructed by Fire Patrol Carpenter Lloyd G. Knight, assisted by John Benson, Devoe Rickert and Robert Emmert. Construction began in July on the structure, which was almost 100 percent pre-cut in Sweet Home. Fire Patrol crewmen hauled the completed sections to Big Rock for assembly after a local sand and gravel firm filled foundation forms with ready mixed concrete. Access to the lookout is provided by a road that was completed last year. The Big Rock road branches off the Cascade Plywood Corporation road out of Holly on Potts Creek. (The New Era)
1951: "The plan of constructing a lookout in Section 9, T.15 S., R.3 E., was accomplished in late August. Deep snow accumulation during the winter prevented an early start on this project, and it was impossible to begin construction until the 20th of July. A standard, USFS, 14'x14' lookout was constructed on a 9 foot wooden tower. The tower was enclosed by aluminum siding to make a garage, tool and wood storage underneath the lookout house. A road was completed to the lookout in 1949. The lookout is complete with equipment and will be manned during the 1951 fire season. The materials used in the structure were pre-cut at Sweet Home by Lloyd Knight, carpenter. This development will provide detection and an area heretofore not covered by any detection and one which is becoming increasingly hazardous due to the logging in the area. Full effectiveness of the lookout will not be obtained until trees surrounding the lookout are felled. A part of the trees obstructing the view were felled in 1950." (Linn District Annual Report)
1951: "Improvement at Big Rock was to fall trees surrounding the lookout." (Linn District Annual Report)
1952: "L.G. Knight, former carpenter for the association, was hired on April 2 to begin work on the construction of Chimney Rock Lookout. He began work on precutting of the structure at Sweet Home, assisted by Warden Williamson. During the next two months (May and June) all personnel were assigned to road, trail and telephone line maintenance and the construction of Chimney Rock Lookout. Chimney Rock Lookout was completed in early June. Cost of Chimney Rock Lookout was $3133.00. (Linn District, Annual Report)
1952: "A new road was constructed to Chimney Rock Lookout from existing logging roads, a distance of about 1/2 miles." "The need for a lookout in the lower Green Mountain and Calapooya area was indicated by the state study. This building was constructed during April and May in the SE NW 1/4 of Section 27, T 14 S, R 1 E on a prominent point known as Chimney Rock. The lookout, a standard USFS 14'x14' with catwalk, was erected on a 9 foot tower. The enclosed tower was designed for use as a garage, wood shed and tool storage space. The materials, including the interior furniture, were pre-cut at Sweet Home and were hauled to the site after the completion of a road of approximately one-half mile connecting existing logging roads to the lookout point. The plans for the complete structure were drawn by L.G. Knight, carpenter, and construction was done by Linn Fire Patrol employees under his supervision. The lookout was manned about the 15th of June. Cost of the structure, including labor and all equipment in the building, amounted to $3133." (Linn District Annual Report)
1934: A 75-foot lookout tower was was constructed by men from the Boyington CCC camp.
Linn County Fire Patrol - 12S-2E-32
July 1957 - John McWade photo, Oregon Department of Forestry Collection
1984 - La Vaughn Kemnow photo
1912: An Alidade was established.
1920: A cupola style lookout house was built.
July 1928: "Mr. G.E. Whitcomb, lookout on Green Peter, in the Linn County F.P.A. unit, has for some time been working on a scheme to enable lookouts to tell what is something else. There are times when fog looks so much like smoke that the best that can be done is to make a guess and turn in the suspect as a fire. This often makes the smoke chaser's feet sore and his heart bad. If, on the other hand, we insist that suspicious looking smoke is only a little fog that will soon evaporate, and guess wrong, the results are even worse. Mr. Whitcomb has experimented with different colors of glass until he has found a shade of green through which fog is visible and smoke is much less so. He is not yet satisfied with his colors and is still working at it; but seems probable that he has found something valuable. E.R. MacDaniels" (Six Twenty-Six)
August 20, 1931: "The Hill Fire Patrol answered a call in the Mountain Home district near Sodaville Wednesday and put out a fire before it had done any appreciable damage. The fire was reported from Hurricane Deck and Green Peter lookouts." (The New Era)
June 13, 1934 Panorama photos taken By: James Rittenhouse
1942: "To accommodate aircraft warning observers during the winter months, a combination woodshed-living room and a service road were constructed at Green Peter Lookout, and the lookout station was repaired and winterized. Extra labor and material costs on these projects were borne by the Government." "Green Peter AWS - 16 x 18 woodshed and living quarters combined - frame building, painted - concrete foundation." (Linn District Annual Report)
August 17, 1942: "Approval is requested for the construction of about 1/2 mile of road from the end of an existing logging road to the Green Peter Lookout site. This will be a low standard road suitable for the transportation of supplies and materials to the AWS Station, estimated cost $600.00. Approval is also requested to construct a 16'x18' ground house, regular garage plan, to be finished suitable for storage and sleeping quarters." (Letter from the State Forester to James Frankland, Assistant Regional Forester)
August 19, 1942: "Construction of about one-half mile of road to reach Green Peter Lookout as outlined, at an estimated cost of $600, is approved. Construction of a 16'x18' ground house, regular garage plan, as outlined, is approved." (Memo to State Forester from James Frankland, Assistant Regional Forester)
September 1943: The Army requested the inactivation of the AWS station effective 8 p.m., September 22.
1946: "All lookout reports are made to the Green Peter LO. Mrs. Baker sends the summary reports to the headquarters. This system is also used by the Polk-Benton District. It eliminates the need of headquarters clerk or dispatcher recording hourly reports. Due to the radio system anyone in the office can hear the lookout's hourly reports being made to Green Peter. I believe this is a very good system." (1946 USFS Records Correspondence)
June 1, 1950: "Green Peter Lookout Clarence Jacobson reported the blaze to the Fire Patrol after yesterday's drying east wind brought to life a holdover fire on the Bert James property two miles south of Sodaville and eight miles northwest of Sweet Home. The wind carried flames out of the clearing and into green timber. The Fire Patrol reported that no appreciable damage was done to timber, although a few young trees were killed." (The New Era)
1954: "An addition of a battery operated radio unit on Green Peter Lookout will Facilitate broadcasting and receiving from the Sweet Home office." (Linn District Annual Report)
1956: "The interior of the lookout house was remodeled for a cost of two hundred dollars." (Linn District Annual Report)
1969: "In October the old lookout was torn down and a new 14x14 standard building is under construction. Materials from the Jordan and Swamp Mountain lookouts are being used in the new building." (Linn District Annual Report)
1970: A 14x14 hip-roofed lookout house was completed.
February 1976: The lookout was totally destroyed in a windstorm.
April 1, 1976: "The U.S. Forest Service has announced plans to restore a popular lookout station that was destroyed by high winds in early February. The lookout, Iron Mountain, is located 35 miles east of Sweet Home on Highway 20. Not only was it one of only three manned lookouts on the Willamette National Forest, it also perched atop one of the region's most spectacular wildflower areas. It was easily accessible by a trail. Destruction of the tower was total. Now, the U.S. Forest Service plans to move a lookout tower from Herman Peak in the Siuslaw National Forest to Iron Mountain. Starting in April, the Herman Peak tower will be dismantled and trucked to a point near Iron Mountain. From there, the tower will be ferried up in sections by a helicopter and put in place. This activity will take place sometime in early July. That timing may coincide with the peak season of the flower blooming and safety precautions will be taken, forest officials said. The Herman Peak lookout, six miles east of Sea Lion Caves, is considered expendable because of advances in aerial detection methods." (Eugene Register-Guard)
August 18, 1990: "The body of a U.S. Forest Service fire lookout was recovered Friday from Iron Mountain, where he apparently fell to his death on Thursday. Linn County Sheriff Art Martinak said the body of Micheal R. Robin, 39, of Lebanon, was found at the base of a 500-foot cliff near his lookout cabin. Robin was last heard from on a Forest Service radio Thursday morning. Personnel at the Sweet Home Ranger Station became concerned as the day wore on and hiked up to the cabin. A helicopter spotted Robin's body about 6 p.m. Martinak said Robin may have fallen from a weather station near his lookout." (The Register-Guard)
2007: The lookout was declared a health hazard and torn down, to be replaced by a platform for hikers to view the surrounding country.
Linn County Fire Patrol - 10S-1E-06
1949: "Under the technical supervision of Phyl Knight, and carpenter, L.G. Knight, and the work crew under Trenholm, a standard 14x14 foot ground house lookout was erected on a site near Jordan, located in Sec.6, Twp.10S, Rge, 1 E. On the near completion of this structure, the old portable building at the Thomas Creek location was moved to the Jordan site, redesigned and assembled as a combination garage and tool room building. Both buildings were completed and ready for occupancy by the 17th of May." (Linn District Annual Report)
1970: The lookout was removed.
JUMPOFF JOE MOUNTAIN
Willamette National Forest - 14S-5E-11
1936 - Alice Bowerman photo, Mark Swift Collection
July 2007 - Ron Kemnow photo
1936: A L-4 lookout house was constructed.
1943: The lookout was staffed by volunteers that used their vacation time from their regular positions with Mountain States Power Company. These volunteers included: W.A. Spray, F.D. White, C.R. McLean, E.R. Tigner, L.F. McClain, O.J. Hewitt, O.B. Putnam, Charles Wagner and D.M. Shreve.
1965: The lookout was removed.
Linn County Fire Patrol - 15S-3E-33
1916: An Alidade was established.
KINGS CREEK GUARD STATION
Willamette National Forest - 10S-5E-20
1937 Panorama photos taken
1950: An L-4 lookout cabin was constructed.
1960: The lookout was removed.
Willamette National Forest - 12S-71/2E-03
1934: A 14 x 14 L-4 lookout house was constructed.
September 14, 1916: "A lookout station, similar to that on the summit of Mount Hood, is contemplated for Mount Jefferson by the United States Forest Service. W.B. Osborne, who has done most of the installing of fire control apparatus in different stations for the Forest Service, has just returned from a trip to Mount Jefferson and said yesterday that it would be possible a lookout station would be built on the summit."
Willamette National Forest - 12S-71/2E-23
c.1931: A 14 x 14 gable roof lookout house was constructed.
September 20, 1929: "Fish in Big Lake, in the Santiam national forest, near Sand mountain, are dying by the hundreds, apparently affected by an ailment similar to that which is killing fish in Suttle and Elk lakes, according to Stewart Ralston, forest service lookout, stationed at Sand mountain. C.C. Hall, forest supervisor, is of the opinion that a poisonous fungus, rather than worms, is the cause of the fish deaths." (Morning Oregonian - see footnote 1)
c.1931: A 14 x 14 gable roof lookout house was constructed.
July 1. 1968: "This is the second time the Willamette National Forest has reported the 200-square foot building on top of Sand Mountain, three miles southwest of the Hoodoo ski area, a victim of fire. In the 7,700-acre Big Lake forest fire last August, flames swept over Sand Mountain and for hours the lookout station was considered lost. It survived that fire only to burn to the ground Saturday. The Forest Service said the cause of the fire is unknown. Lookout Bruce Fish of Portland, and his wife, were off duty attending a movie in Bend Saturday evening. When they returned to Sand Mountain the lookout, a ground house, had burned down. There was about four inches of snow on the ground from Friday's storm at the time." (Eugene Register-Guard)
1968: A portable trailer lookout with a pop-up cupola was placed on the summit.
c.1972: The site was discontinued as a lookout point.
1990: The dedication of a new lookout structure was held. The new lookout was a project led by Don Allen and the Sand Mountain Society. Materials were donated and from the old R-1 style Whiskey Peak lookout in southern Oregon. Labor was provided by a variety of volunteers.
1967 - John McWade photo, Oregon Department of Forestry Collection
1947: "Phyl Knight and one patrolman were detailed to Idaho in cooperation with the State Forestry Department for teh removal of 4 steel lookout towers which were purchased by the state department. One of the tower, a 53 foot tower and cabin, was purchased by the association from the state and hauled to the Sweet Home headquarters. To be erected in 1948." Plans - It is planned to erect a 53 foot steel tower in the Sodaville area prior to the 1948 fire season. This will provide better coverage of the area than at present with observations currently coming from Green Peter LO." (Linn District Annual Report)
1948: "The construction of the new lookout at Scott Mt., located in Section 31, T13S R1W, constituted the largest project of the season. It required that six-tenths of a mile of road be constructed to the site. An area of approximately 25 acres had to be cleaned of second-growth timber and approximately one acre had to be cleared of stumps and other debris for the location of the steel structure. The structure consisted of a 54-foot steel tower, steel stairway, 14' x 14' steel cabin with steel catwalk, and built-in standard lookout furniture and equipment. A combination garage and tool storage was erected on the site. The portable guard station at DeArmond, a discontinued station was moved to Scott Mt. and rebuilt to make this combination structure. A spring nearby was developed to furnish water for the new lookout. This new lookout furnishes to the District detection which has been long needed. It was manned about August 1." (Linn District Annual Report)
1948: "The preliminary survey and acquisition of site for new Scott Mtn Lookout, the construction of road to the lookout site, and the construction of a 54 foot steel tower and cabin." "Scott Mtn LO - cost $2736.83." (Linn District Annual Report)
1948: A 60-foot steel tower with a 14 x 14 wood lookout cab was constructed.
October 12, 1962: The lookout was damaged by the high winds of the Columbus Day storm.
1963: Storm damage was repaired and a storage building constructed.
1979: The lookout was dismantled.
Willamette National Forest - 11S-5E-06
November 1943 - Oregon Department of Forestry Collection
1944 - Oregon Department of Forestry Collection
1935: A 10 x 10 L-5 lookout house was constructed by the CCC.
September 1959 - Oregon Department of Forestry Collection
1953: A 14 x 14 lookout house constructed on a 10-foot enclosed tower.
Willamette National Forest - 14S-5E-19
1968 - Doug Newman photo
July 2007 - Ron Kemnow photo
c.1931: A gable roof R-1 type lookout house was constructed.
August 28, 1941: "Leo Welch, who is stationed at Twin Buttes lookout station spent the week end at the home of his parents. On the trip back into the station Sunday evening Leo reports that he saw 11 deer and a brown bear with two cubs." (The New Era)
August 14, 1947: "John Miller, at Twin Butte lookout station in the Willamette National Forest, probably wishes he had stayed home the other day instead of going down the trail to meet his boss, Ranger Jack Saubert of Cascadia, who was on a routine inspection trip. At any rate, when the two men reached the station it was discovered that a bear had pushed open the door and helped himself to a quantity of food, including bacon and syrup. It was disclosed that the bruin confiscated so much of Miller's larder, that it became necessary to send out for a new supply of food." (The New Era)
Willamette National Forest - 14S-6E-21
July 1949 - Mark Swift Collection
July 2007 - Ron Kemnow photo
1934: A 14 x 14 L-4 lookout house was constructed and staffed by three CCC men.